jueves, 23 de mayo de 2013

CULTURAL SPLENDOUR & POLITICAL DECLINE (Unit 13-Science Y6)

In this video you will see one of the most important Spanish books around the world, this book was written during the Golden Age:





The Spanish Golden Age was a period of great artistic activity which lasted from about 1560 to 1680:



  • ARCHITECTURE: 
    • The Monastery of El Escorial was built in a simple, austere style in the 16th century.
    • The Baroque style of rich ornamentation developed in the 17th century. A good example is the Cathedral of Seville.
  • LITERATURE:
    • Miguel de Cervantes wrote Don Quixote, one of the greatest books.
    • Lope de Vega who wrote plays and poetry.
    • Luis Góngora who wrote poetry.
  • PAINTING: 
    • In the 16th Century, El Greco became famous for his characteristic of elongated figures. 
    • In the 17th century, Diego Velázquez painted his masterpieces.

THE 17th CENTURY CRISIS:
Three Habsburg kings reigned in the 17th century.
  • Philip III (1598-1621)

  • Philip IV (1621-1665)

  • Charles II (1665-1700):
  • They had ministers to help them to govern. Some of these ministers became extremely powerful.
  • The 17th century was a period of political and military decline. 
  • After lots of years of revolts they lost the Netherlands. 
  • There were revolts in Catalonia and Portugal. At the end they lost Portugal. 
  • Economy was stagnant and people were very hungry. 

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