We have walked along the medieval time in our country with the VISIGOTHS, AL ANDALUS and THE CHRISTIAN KINGDOMS. We are going to review a bit all of it with a new THINKING ROUTINE: THE HOT WORDS. What is a HOT WORD? It is a word that can help you to remember lot of things about a topic. So let's think during a minute about three hot words about each one of the topics we have learnt during this unit.
Now let's watch a video to introduce what happened in Spain after 1492: THE SPANISH EMPIRE. At the end of the video you should be able to answer these questions:
- Which was one of the conquerors?
- Which continent was the biggest part of the Spanish Empire in?
- Which metal was important during this period?
SPAIN AFTER 1492
Columbus reached America in 1492.
In this year also the Catholic Monarchs unified the kingdoms of Spain.
Charles I and Philip II acquired new possesion during the 16th century.
In 18th Century the kings established ABSOLUTE MONARCHY.
THE TERRITORIES OF THE SPANISH EMPIRE
Between 16th and 19th century Spain has possesions in every part of the world: Canary Islands, America, Philippes in Asia and several teritorritories in Norh Africa. The kings also inherited territores in central and southern Europe.
By the end of 19th century most of these possessions no longer belonged to Spain.
WRITERS AND ARTISTS
In the 16th and 17th centuries were a great centuries for art and literature in Spain: THE GOLDEN AGE.
Literature: Miguel de Cervantes wrote El quijote. Famous poets like Quevedo and Góngora. Lope de Vega and Calderón de la Barca wrote many plays.
Paintings: Diego Velazquez was one of the famous painters of this time.